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Revision Date: 2008-11-04 Version: 1

Section 1: Identification

Product identifier
Product Name HELIUM
   
Other means of identification 
Safety data sheet number LIND-P060
UN/ID no. UN1046
Synonyms LASER Helium; LASER Helium Ultra; Helium; Helium, compressed; Helium-4
   
Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use 
Recommended Use Industrial and professional use.
Uses advised against Consumer use
   
Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet
Linde Gas North America LLC - Linde Merchant Production Inc. - Linde LLC
575 Mountain Ave.
Murray Hill, NJ 07974
Phone: 908-464-8100
www.lindeus.com
 
Linde Gas Puerto Rico, Inc.
Road 869, Km 1.8
Barrio Palmas, Catano, PR 00962
Phone: 787-641-7445
www.pr.lindegas.com
 
Linde Canada Limited
5860 Chedworth Way
Mississauga, Ontario L5R 0A2
Phone: 905-501-1700
www.lindecanada.com
 
* May include subsidiaries or affiliate companies/divisions.
 
For additional product information contact your local customer service.
 
Emergency telephone number 
Company Phone Number 800-232-4726 (Linde National Operations Center, US)
  905-501-0802 (Canada)
CHEMTREC: 800-424-9300 (North America)
  703-527-3887 (International)

Section 2: Hazard(s) Identification

Classification
OSHA Regulatory Status
This chemical is considered hazardous by the 2012 OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).
   
Gases under pressure Compressed gas
Simple asphyxiants Yes
   
Label elements
  ghs compressed gas
Signal word Warning
   
Hazard Statements  
 
Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated
May displace oxygen and cause rapid suffocation
 
Precautionary Statements - Prevention
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood
Use and store only outdoors or in a well ventilated place
Use backflow preventive device in piping
Use only with equipment rated for cylinder pressure
Close valve after each use and when empty
 
Precautionary Statements - Response
IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing. Get medical attention/advice.
 
Precautionary Statements - Storage
Protect from sunlight when ambient temperature exceeds 52°C/125°F
 
Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC) 
Not applicable
 
Other Information
Intentional inhalation of helium balloon gas can cause asphyxiation, lung damage, and death

Section 3: Composition/Information on Ingredients

 
Chemical Name CAS No. Volume % Chemical Formula
Helium 7440-59-7 100 He

Section 4: First-Aid Measures

Description of first aid measures
General advice Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
Inhalation Remove to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If breathing has stopped, give artificial respiration. Get medical attention immediately.
Skin contact None under normal use. Get medical attention if symptoms occur.
Eye contact None under normal use. Get medical attention if symptoms occur.
Ingestion Not an expected route of exposure.
Self-protection of the first aider RESCUE PERSONNEL SHOULD BE EQUIPPED WITH SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS.
   
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Symptoms Simple asphyxiant. May cause suffocation by displacing the oxygen in the air. Exposure to oxygen-deficient atmosphere (<19.5%) may cause dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, diminished mental alertness, loss of consciousness and death. Exposure to atmospheres containing 8-10% or less oxygen will bring about unconsciousness without warning and so quickly that the individuals cannot help or protect themselves. Lack of sufficient oxygen may cause serious injury or death.
   
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Note to physicians Treat symptomatically.

Section 5: Fire-Fighting Measures

Suitable extinguishing media
Use extinguishing measures that are appropriate to local circumstances and the surrounding environment.
 
Specific extinguishing methods
Continue to cool fire exposed cylinders until flames are extinguished. Damaged cylinders should be handled only by specialists.
 
Specific hazards arising from the chemical
Non-flammable gas. Cylinders may rupture under extreme heat.
 
Protective equipment and precautions for firefighters
As in any fire, wear self-contained breathing apparatus pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent) and full protective gear.

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Personal precautions Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas. Monitor oxygen level. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus when entering area unless atmosphere is proved to be safe.
   
Environmental precautions
Environmental precautions Prevent spreading of vapors through sewers, ventilation systems and confined areas.
   
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
Methods for containment Stop the flow of gas or remove cylinder to outdoor location if this can be done without risk. If leak is in container or container valve, contact the appropriate emergency telephone number in Section 1 or call your closest Linde location.
Methods for cleaning up Return cylinder to Linde or an authorized distributor.

Section 7: Handling and Storage

Precautions for safe handling
Advice on safe handling

Proper handling, storage of regulating equipment and cylinders is required to safely fill helium balloons. DO NOT ALLOW CHILDREN OR UNQUALIFIED PEOPLE TO OPERATE BALOON FILLING EQUIPMENT. INTENTIONAL INHALATION OF HELIUM CAN CAUSE SERIOUS LUNG DAMAGE OR DEATH. A balloon filling helium regulator must be attached to the valve before it is opened.

Protect cylinders from physical damage; do not drag, roll, slide or drop. When moving cylinders, even for short distance, use a cart designed to transport cylinders. Never attempt to lift a cylinder by its valve protection cap. Never insert an object (e.g. wrench, screwdriver, pry bar,etc.) into valve cap openings. Doing so may damage valve, causing leak to occur. Use an adjustable strap wrench to remove over-tight or rusted caps. Use only with adequate ventilation. Use equipment rated for cylinder pressure. Use backflow preventive device in piping. Close valve after each use and when empty. If user experiences any difficulty operating cylinder valve discontinue use and contact supplier. Ensure the complete gas system has been checked for leaks before use.

Never put cylinders into trunks of cars or unventilated areas of passenger vehicles. Never attempt to refill a compressed gas cylinder without the owner's written consent. Never strike an arc on a compressed gas cylinder or make a cylinder a part of an electrical circuit.

Only experienced and properly instructed persons should handle gases under pressure. Always store and handle compressed gas cylinders in accordance with Compressed Gas Association, pamphlet CGA-P1, Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Containers.

For additional recommendations consult Compressed Gas Association's (CGA) Safety Bulletin SB-2, Oxygen-Deficient Atmospheres. Use only with equipment rated for cylinder pressure.

   
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage Conditions Store in cool, dry, well-ventilated area of non-combustible construction away from heavily trafficked areas and emergency exits. Keep at temperatures below 52°C / 125°F. Cylinders should be stored upright with valve protection cap in place and firmly secured to prevent falling. Use a "first in-first out" inventory system to prevent full cylinders from being stored for excessive periods of time. Full and empty cylinders should be segregrated. Stored containers should be periodically checked for general condition and leakage.
Incompatible materials None known.

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Control parameters
Exposure Guidelines This product, as supplied, does not contain any hazardous materials with occupational exposure limits established by the region specific regulatory bodies.
   
Appropriate engineering controls
Engineering Controls Local exhaust ventilation to prevent accumulation of high concentrations and maintain air-oxygen levels at or above 19.5%. Oxygen detectors should be used when asphyxiating gases may be released. Systems under pressure should be regularly checked for leakages.
   
Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection Wear safety glasses with side shields (or goggles).
Skin and body protection Work gloves and safety shoes are recommended when handling cylinders.
Respiratory protection Use positive pressure airline respirator with escape cylinder or self contained breathing apparatus for oxygen-deficient atmospheres (<19.5%).
General Hygiene Considerations Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.

Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
Physical state Compressed gas
Appearance Colorless.
Odor Odorless.
Odor threshold Not applicable
pH No data available
Melting point No data available
Evaporation rate Not applicable
Lower flammability limit: Not applicable
Upper flammability limit: Not applicable
Flash point Not applicable
Autoignition temperature No data available
Decomposition temperature No data available
Water solubility Slightly soluble
Partition coefficient No data available
Kinematic viscosity Not applicable
   
Chemical Name Molecular weight Boiling point Vapor Pressure Vapor density (air=1) Gas Density Kg/m3@20°C Critical Temperature
Helium 4.00 -268.9 °C Above critical temperature 0.138 0.165 -267.9 °C
   

Section 10: Stability and Reactivity

Reactivity
Not reactive under normal conditions
 
Chemical stability
Stable under normal conditions.
 
Explosion data
Sensitivity to Mechanical Impact    None.
Sensitivity to Static Discharge    None.
 
Possibility of Hazardous Reactions
None under normal processing.
 
Conditions to avoid
None under recommended storage and handling conditions (see Section 7).
 
Incompatible materials
None known.
 
Hazardous Decomposition Products
None known.

Section 11: Toxicological Information

Information on likely routes of exposure
Inhalation Product is a simple asphyxiant
Skin contact No data available.
Eye contact No data available.
Ingestion Not an expected route of exposure.
   
Information on toxicological effect 
Symptoms No information available.
   
Delayed and immediate effects as well as chronic effects from short and long-term exposure
Irritation Not classified.
Sensitization Not classified.
Germ cell mutagenicity Not classified.
Carcinogenicity This product does not contain any carcinogens or potential carcinogens listed by OSHA, IARC or NT
Reproductive toxicity Not classified.
Developmental Toxicity Not classified.
STOT - single exposure Not classified.
STOT - repeated exposure Not classified.
Chronic toxicity None known.
Aspiration hazard Not applicable.
   
Numerical measures of toxicity
Product Information  
Oral LD50 No information available
Dermal LD50 No information available
Inhalation LC5 No information available
Inhalation LC50 No information available

Section 12: Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity
No known acute aquatic toxicity.
   
Persistence and degradability
Not applicable. 
   
Bioaccumulation
No information available.

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

Waste treatment methods
Disposal of wastes Do not attempt to dispose of residual waste or unused quantities. Return in the shipping containerPROPERLY LABELED WITH ANY VALVE OUTLET PLUGS OR CAPS SECURED AND VALVE PROTECTION CAPIN PLACE to Linde for proper disposal.

Section 14: Transport Information

DOT 
UN/ID no. UN1046
Proper shipping name Helium, compressed
Hazard Class 2.2
Description UN1046, Helium, compressed, 2.2
Emergency Response Guide Number 121
   
TDG
UN/ID no. UN1046
Proper shipping name Helium, compressed
Hazard Class 2.2
Description UN1046, Helium, compressed, 2.2
   
MEX
UN/ID no. UN1046
Proper shipping name Helium, compressed
Hazard Class 2.2
Description UN1046, Helium, compressed, 2.2
   
IATA
UN/ID no. UN1046
Proper shipping name Helium, compressed
Hazard Class 2.2
ERG Code 2L
Special Provisions A69
Description UN1046, Helium, compressed, 2.2
   
IMDG
UN/ID no UN1046
Proper shipping name Helium, compressed
Hazard Class 2.2
EmS-No. F-C, S-V
Description UN1046, Helium, compressed, 2.2
   
ADR
UN/ID no. UN1046
Proper shipping name Helium, compressed
Hazard Class 2.2
Classification code 1A
Tunnel restriction code (E)
Description UN1046, Helium, compressed, 2.2, (E)

Section 15: Regulatory Information

International Inventories
TSCA Complies
DSL Complies
EINECS/ELINCS Complies
   
Legend:
TSCA - United States Toxic Substances Control Act Section 8(b) Inventory
DSL/NDSL - Canadian Domestic Substances List/Non-Domestic Substances List
EINECS/ELINCS - European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances/European List of Notified Chemical Substances
 
US Federal Regulations
SARA 313
Section 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA). This product does not contain any chemicalswhich are subject to the reporting requirements of the Act and Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 37
 
SARA 311/312 Hazard Categories
Acute Health Hazard No
Chronic Health Hazard No
Fire Hazard No
Sudden release of pressure hazard Yes
Reactive Hazard No
 
CERCLA
This material, as supplied, does not contain any substances regulated as hazardous substances under the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) (40 CFR 302) or the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) (40 CFR 355).There may be specific reporting requirements at the local, regional, or state level pertaining to releases of this materia
 
Clean Air Act, Section 112 Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) (see 40 CFR 61)
This product does not contain any substances regulated as hazardous air pollutants (HAPS) under Section 112 of the Clean Air Act Amendmentsof 1990.
 
CWA (Clean Water Act)
This product does not contain any substances regulated as pollutants pursuant to the Clean Water Act (40 CFR 122.21 and 40 CFR 122.
 
Risk and Process Safety Management Programs
This material, as supplied, does not contain any regulated substances with specified thresholds under 40 CFR Part 68.This product does not contain any substances regulated as Highly Hazardous Chemicals pursuant to the 29 CFR Part 1910.1
 
US State Regulations
California Proposition 65
This product does not contain any Proposition 65 chemicals
 
U.S. State Right-to-Know Regulations
Chemical Name New Jersey Massachusetts Pennsylvania
Helium 7440-59-7 X X X

Section 16: Other Information

NFPA Health hazards 0 Flammability 0 Instability 0 Physical and Chemical Properties Simple asphyxiant
Note: Ratings were assigned in accordance with Compressed Gas Association (CGA) guidelines as published in CGA Pamphlet P-19-2009, CGA RecommendedHazard Ratings for Compressed Gases, 3rd Edition.
     
Issue Date 17-Feb-2015
Revision Date 17-Feb-2015
Revision Note Initial Release.
General Disclaimer
For terms and conditions, including limitation of liability, please refer to the purchase agreement in effect between Linde LLC, LindeMerchant Production, Inc. or Linde Gas North America LLC (or any of their affiliates and subsidiaries) and the purchaser.
 
DISCLAIMER OF EXPRESSED AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES
Although reasonable care has been taken in the preparation of this document, we extend no warranties and make no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained herein, and assume no responsibility regarding the suitability of this information for the user's intended purposes or for the consequences of its use. Each individual should make a determination as to the suitability of the information for their particular purpose(s).